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Himalayas, one of the most spectacular mountain ranges in the world was formed due to continental collision between Indo-Australian Plate and Eurasian Plate. Trekking in Himalayas seems like a difficult task but with a certain reward of watching the snowy peaks it is worth every step and foot gained.

The Himalayan range was formed 70 million years ago making it amongst the youngest mountain ranges in the world. It is 160-240 Km wide with the maximum elevation of 29,029 Ft. It stretches to more than 2500 Km from Afghanistan to China straddling over countries like India, Nepal, Bhutan, & Pakistan.

The highest peak of the Himalayas is Mt Everest (also known as Chomolungma by the Tibetans, or Sagarmatha by the Sherpa) situated on International Border of China & Nepal which runs across its precise summit point. The summit of Mt Everest is made of marine limestone from Tethys Ocean, which had been closed by the moving Indo-Australian Plate 50 million years ago.

Some of the other peaks of Himalayas include Nanda Devi, which is the 2nd highest mountain in India and Highest within the country having an elevation of 25,643 Ft. Nanda Devi, is a part of the Kumaon Himalayas in Chamoli District, Uttarakhand between Rishiganga and Goriganga. Mt. Kanchenjunga, which is the 3rd highest Mountain in the world with an elevation of 28,169 Ft lies in the section of Himalayas called Kangchenjunga Himal, located in Nepal & Sikkim, India. Though the Himalayas are home to the highest peaks of the world, it also has sub-ranges to its southern section with average heights between 600 Mts to 1200 Mts.

The religions practiced in Himalayas are Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism. In Hindu religion, Himalayas is considered as the abode of god. Hindu pilgrimages like Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri and Yamunotri, which forms Chardham attracts millions of pilgrims every year. The range is also personified as god Himavat, father of Ganga and Parvati. Guru Padmasambhava founded Buddhism in Taktsang Gompa, Paro-Bhutan. The Sikhs have their shrine at Hemkund and make a pilgrimage regularly. Tibetan Muslims have mosques in Lhasa, Shigatse. The Kashmir valley is mainly Muslim dominated. Some of the world’s major rivers find their source at the Manasarovar Lake, like the Brahmaputra, the Sutlej which is a tributary to Indus, the Karnali which is a tributary to Ganges and many more.

Many tribes have been residing in the high Himalayas for ages like Sherpa,Bhotia, Drokpa, Changpa, Lepcha, Limbu, Balti etc The most notable of which is Sherpa. Sherpas live in mountainous region of eastern Nepal. Tengboche is the oldest village of Sherpa in Nepal. Today the Sherpas are synonymous with mountaineering and have managed to modify and maintain a great balance between mountaineering for living and preserving nature. The Sherpas were brought into the mountaineering limelight for their abilities and enterprise by none other than Tenzing Norgay (who assumed the name Sherpa to lend the tribe necessary credibility). Other famous sherpas are Apa Sherpa and BabuChiri Sherpa.

Himalayas – the highest and the youngest mountain ranges in the world, have some of the best adventures to offer. Be it trekking, Mountaineering, Rock Climbing, Bungee Jumping, White-water Rafting, Paragliding, Cycling or any other adventure sport. One cannot ignore the lure of the high peaks, deep gorges, and remote cultures. The Himalayas with its endemic population and visitors from all over is truly a melting pot of the peoples of the world!




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Photos
 25-Dec-2015 Chopta Trek View
 20-Jul-2012 Valley Of Flowers View
 24-Jan-2012 Chadar View
 02-Aug-2011 Nebuk La (Nubra Valley) View
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 27-Apr-2010 Yambong Valley View